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Title: Climate, people and faunal succession on Java, Indonesia: evidence from Song Gupuh
Contributor(s): Morwood, MJ  (author); Sutikna, T (author); Turney, C S M (author); Fifield, K (author); Allen, H (author); Soejono, R P (author); Saptomo, E W (author); Westaway, K E (author); Jatmiko, (author); Awe Due, R (author); Moore, Mark  (author)orcid ; Yuniawati, Dwi Yani (author); Hadi, P (author); Zhao, J-x (author)
Publication Date: 2008
DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2007.11.025
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Abstract: Song Gupuh, a partially collapsed cave in the Gunung Sewu Limestones of East Java, Indonesia, contains over 16 m of deposits with a faunal sequence spanning some 70 ka. Major changes in the range of animals represented show the impact of climate change and humans. The Terminal Pleistocene and Early Holocene was a period of maximum biodiversity. Human use of Song Gupuh and other cave sites in the region also intensified significantly from ca. 12 ka, together with a new focus on exploitation of small-bodied species (macaque monkeys and molluscs), the first evidence for import of resources from the coast, and use of bone and shell tools. Human activity, especially after the onset of the Neolithic around 2.6 ka, subsequently contributed to a progressive loss of many species from the area, including tapir, elephant, Malayan bear, rhino and tiger, and this extinction process is continuing. We conclude by discussing the biogeographical significance of Song Gupuh in the context of other sites in Java (e.g. Punung, Wajak) and further afield (e.g. Liang Bua).
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Archaeological Science, 35(7), p. 1776-1789
Publisher: Academic Press
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 0305-4403
Field of Research (FOR): 210102 Archaeological Science
210103 Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 950502 Understanding Asia's Past
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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