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Title: Theory for nucleation at an interface and magnetization reversal of a two-layer nanowire
Contributor(s): Loxley, Peter  (author)orcid ; Stamps, Robert L (author)
Publication Date: 2006
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.73.024420
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Abstract: Nucleation at the interface between two adjoining regions with dissimilar physical properties is investigated using a model for magnetization reversal of a two-layer ferromagnetic nanowire. Each layer of the nanowire is considered to have a different degree of magnetic anisotropy, representing a hard magnetic layer exchange-coupled to a softer layer. A magnetic field applied along the easy axis causes the softer layer to reverse, forming a domain wall close to the interface. For small applied fields this state is metastable and complete reversal of the nanowire takes place via activation over a barrier. A reversal mechanism involving nucleation at an interface is proposed, whereby a domain wall changes in width as it passes from the soft layer to the hard layer during activation. Langer's statistical theory for the decay of a metastable state is used to derive rates of magnetization reversal, and simple formulas are found in limiting cases for the activation energy, rate of reversal, and critical field at which the metastable state becomes unstable. These formulas depend on the anisotropy difference between each layer, and the behavior of the reversal rate prefactor is interpreted in terms of activation entropy and domain-wall dynamics.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Physical Review B: covering condensed matter and materials physics, 73(1), p. 1-14
Publisher: American Physical Society
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 2469-9977
Field of Research (FOR): 020403 Condensed Matter Modelling and Density Functional Theory
020404 Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Condensed Matter; Superconductivity
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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