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Title: A latent profile analysis of dispositional hope and defense styles
Contributor(s): Holloway, Katie (author); Bhullar, Navjot  (author)orcid ; Schutte, Nicola  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2017
DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2017.03.063
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Abstract: Dispositional hope and defense styles are linked with mental health. The present study examined profiles of individuals based on combinations of their responses on two dispositional hope indices (pathways: conceptualized routes to a desired goal, and agency: motivation and belief in one's ability to attain goals and overcome goal-related obstacles) and two defense styles (immature and mature). Participants (N=278, M age=39.25 years, SD=12.95) completed measures of dispositional hope, characteristic defense styles, and mental health. A latent profile analysis identified an optimal 3-profile solution: Maladaptive (low pathways, agency, mature defense style; and high immature defense style), Ordinary (average pathways, agency, mature defense style, and immature defense style), and Adaptive (high pathways, agency, mature defense style; and low immature defense style). Individuals in the adaptive profile reported significantly better mental health. Results could inform clinical treatments focusing on these two characteristics to promote favorable mental health outcomes.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Personality and Individual Differences, v.114, p. 151-154
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1873-3549
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
111714 Mental Health
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520503 Personality and individual differences
520304 Health psychology
520302 Clinical psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 280121 Expanding knowledge in psychology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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