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Title: Nurses Writing about Psychiatric Nurses' Involvement in Killings during the Nazi Era: A Preliminary Discourse Analysis
Contributor(s): Holmes, Colin  (author); McAllister, Margaret (author); Crowther, Andrew (author)
Publication Date: 2016
DOI: 10.5401/healthhist.18.2.0063
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Abstract: Nurses actively killed people in Nazi Europe between 1939 and 1945. The so-called 'science of eugenics' underpinned Nazi ideology, used to further the Nazi racist agenda. Edicts sanctioned selection and medically supervised killing of people, and nurses, principally in mental hospitals, participated in the killing of between 100-300 thousand patients. Erroneously termed 'euthanasia', there were three phases: the initial programme involving children, the T4 adult programme, and 'wild euthanasia'. Unofficial killings also took place before 1939. This paper uses discourse analysis to map and analyse published texts which explore the role of nurses in Nazi Germany. The aim is to identify its characteristics as a body of literature, to note strengths and weaknesses, emphases and silences, and to note aspects that need further exploration. It acknowledges that how these events are to be understood and represented in contemporary discourse constitutes a significant problem for historians of nursing.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Health and History, 18(2), p. 63-84
Publisher: Australian and New Zealand Society of the History of Medicine
Place of Publication: Australia
ISSN: 1839-3314
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520302 Clinical psychology
500203 History and philosophy of medicine
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 920210 Nursing
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200307 Nursing
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article

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