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Title: Evolving gene banks: improving diverse populations of crop and exotic germplasm with optimal contribution selection
Contributor(s): Cowling, W A (author); Li, Li  (author); Siddique, K H M (author); Henryon, M (author); Berg, P (author); Banks, Robert  (author); Kinghorn, Brian  (author)
Publication Date: 2017
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1093/jxb/erw406Open Access Link
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Abstract: We simulated pre-breeding in evolving gene banks - populations of exotic and crop types undergoing optimal contribution selection for long-term genetic gain and management of population genetic diversity. The founder population was based on crosses between elite crop varieties and exotic lines of field pea ('Pisum sativum') from the primary genepool, and was subjected to 30 cycles of recurrent selection for an economic index composed of four traits with low heritability: black spot resistance, flowering time and stem strength (measured on single plants), and grain yield (measured on whole plots). We compared a small population with low selection pressure, a large population with high selection pressure, and a large population with moderate selection pressure. Single seed descent was compared with S0-derived recurrent selection. Optimal contribution selection achieved higher index and lower population coancestry than truncation selection, which reached a plateau in index improvement after 40 years in the large population with high selection pressure. With optimal contribution selection, index doubled in 38 years in the small population with low selection pressure and 27-28 years in the large population with moderate selection pressure. Single seed descent increased the rate of improvement in index per cycle but also increased cycle time.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Experimental Botany, 68(8), p. 1927-1939
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 0022-0957
Field of Research (FOR): 070305 Crop and Pasture Improvement (Selection and Breeding)
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 820399 Industrial Crops not elsewhere classified
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Animal Genetics and Breeding Unit (AGBU)
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