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Title: Forensic Facial Reconstruction and Its Contribution to Identification in Missing Person Cases
Contributor(s): Evison, Martin (author); Iwamura, Edna Sadayo Miazato (author); Guimaraes, Marco Aurelio (author); Schofield, Damian (author)
Publication Date: 2016
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-40199-7_28
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Abstract: The earliest attempts to reconstitute the face from the skull so far recognised appear to arise from the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) culture of circa 11,000-8000 BP (Settegast, 1990) centred on Jericho and adjacent regions of Jordan and the West Bank (Fig. 28.1). Archaeologists interpret these objects as having played a role in funerary, ancestor-worship, or similar such rites. These reconstructions were completed by modelling a facial surface in plaster. The eyes and eyelids were often replaced with cowry shells, and the skin complexion and facial features - including moustaches - were painted onto the plaster surface. The reconstructions are described as 'typized and conventional' and are not believed to represent reconstructions of ante-mortem appearance, beyond 'some features determined by the bony framework' (Strouhal, 1973, p.231). Nine millennia were to pass before the first scientific attempts to reconstruct ante-mortem appearance were to arise.
Publication Type: Book Chapter
Source of Publication: Handbook of Missing Persons, p. 427-441
Publisher: Springer International Publishing
Place of Publication: Cham, Switzerland
ISBN: 9783319401973
Field of Research (FOR): 039902 Forensic Chemistry
HERDC Category Description: B1 Chapter in a Scholarly Book
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