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Title: How parents' income, time and job quality affect children's health and development
Contributor(s): Nicholson, Jan M (author); Strazdins, Lyndall (author); Brown, Judith E (author); Bittman, Michael  (author)
Publication Date: 2012
DOI: 10.1002/j.1839-4655.2012.tb00263.x
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Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520302 Clinical psychology
520303 Counselling psychology
520304 Health psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200201 Determinants of health
Abstract: The advent of the Global Financial Crisis reminds us that modern epidemiological research has consistently demonstrated links between the socio-economic circumstances of families and children's health and development. Drawing on data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children, this article firstly examines the evidence for intergenerational transmission of socio-economic disadvantage from parents to young children. It then examines parents' jobs as another source of social inequality. Results confirm that children's healthy development is affected by family income, by parents' hours of work and by the quality of parents' jobs. Job combinations that include long work hours of mothers and fathers and poorer quality jobs are associated with elevated rates of parental mental health problems, less time spent in developmentally important activities with children, and socio-emotional developmental difficulties for children. The evidence suggests that these effects are greater within low income families. These findings highlight the need for social and economic policies to move beyond simplistic notions of promoting parental workforce participation as a way of reducing the adverse effects of social disadvantage. A more nuanced approach is required that considers the additional impacts of the quality and characteristics of jobs, especially for the parents of young children.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Australian Journal of Social Issues, 47(4), p. 505-525
Publisher: Australian Social Policy Association
Place of Publication: Australia
ISSN: 1839-4655
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article

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