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Title: Prevalance and structure of anxiety-depression in an Australian community sample
Contributor(s): Sharpley, Christopher  (author)orcid ; Bitsika, Vicki  (author); Jesulola, Emmanuel (author); Agnew, Linda  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2016
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.12740/APP/62976Open Access Link
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Abstract: Aims: To describe the prevalence and factor structure of anxiety-depression in a community sample and to derive indicators for treatment planning. Method: A sample of 398 members of the electoral roll for the New England region of Australia were recruited at random and completed the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale and the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale. Results: The prevalence of anxiety-depression was 28.1%, over twice that for either anxiety or depression alone. The anxiety-depression construct comprised four underlying factors: cognitive agitation and depressed mood, pessimism, cardiovascular reactivity, pain and sleep disturbance. There were different patterns of these four factors across anxiety-only, depression-only and combined anxiety-depression, with evidence of a unique symptomatological profile in participants with clinically significant levels of anxiety-depression. Conclusions: Treatment decisions for anxiety and depression need to go beyond consideration of the two disorders separately to include the underlying factor severity of the combined construct of anxiety-depression.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Archives of psychiatry and psychotherapy, 18(2), p. 29-39
Publisher: Polskie Towarzystwo Psychiatryczne [Polish Society of Psychiatry]
Place of Publication: Poland
ISSN: 1509-2046
Field of Research (FOR): 110319 Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
110903 Central Nervous System
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 920111 Nervous System and Disorders
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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