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Title: The association between cannabis use, mental illness, and suicidal behavior: What is the role of hopelessness?
Contributor(s): Serafini, Gianluca (author); Pompili, Maurizio (author); Innamorati, Marco (author); Temple, Elizabeth  (author)orcid ; Amore, Mario (author); Borgwardt, Stefan (author); Girardi, Paolo (author)
Publication Date: 2013
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2013.00125Open Access Link
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Abstract: Cannabis is one of the most common illegal psychoactive substance used in European countries, in particular among adolescents and young adults (1). It has been estimated that almost 55% of adolescents aged 15-19 years have used cannabis at least once in their lifetime (2), while past year use is reported by approximately 30% of 15-17 year olds and over 47% of those aged 18-19 years (3). Cannabis use has been associated with several adverse life outcomes including unemployment, legal problems, dependence, early school leaving, increased risk of developing both psychotic and affective disorders (3, 4) together with brain structural and functional abnormalities (5, 6). An association between cannabis use, psychiatric disorders and suicidal behavior has also frequently been reported, although the exact nature of this link is still poorly understood (4). Globally, suicide is one of the most common causes of death among young people aged 10-24 years (6% of deaths), exceeded only by motor vehicle accidents (10%) (7). Over the last decade suicidal behavior has increased among adolescents and young adults, there has also been a trend toward the earlier initiation of cannabis use (8). This has led researchers to investigate the associations between the two factors to determine if cannabis use may be considered a factor that can trigger suicidal behavior.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Frontiers in Psychiatry, v.4, p. 1-5
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
Place of Publication: Switzerland
ISSN: 1664-0640
Field of Research (FoR) 2008: 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
170101 Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology)
110319 Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
Field of Research (FoR) 2020: 520303 Counselling psychology
520304 Health psychology
520302 Clinical psychology
320221 Psychiatry (incl. psychotherapy)
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 920401 Behaviour and Health
920414 Substance Abuse
920410 Mental Health
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200401 Behaviour and health
200499 Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified
200409 Mental health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article

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