Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/20002
Title: Forearm Range of Motion in 'Australovenator wintonensis' (Theropoda, Megaraptoridae)
Contributor(s): White, Matt A (author); Bell, Phil  (author)orcid ; Cook, Alex G (author); Barnes, David G (author); Tischler, Travis R (author); Bassam, Brant J (author); Elliot, David A (author)
Publication Date: 2015
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0137709Open Access Link
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/20002
Abstract: The hypertrophied manual claws and modified manus of megaraptoran theropods represent an unusual morphological adaptation among carnivorous dinosaurs. The skeleton of 'Australovenator wintonensis' from the Cenomanian of Australia is among the most complete of any megaraptorid. It presents the opportunity to examine the range of motion of its forearm and the function of its highly modified manus. This provides the basis for behavioural inferences, and comparison with other Gondwanan theropod groups. Digital models created from computed tomography scans of the holotype reveal a humerus range of motion that is much greater than 'Allosaurus, Acrocanthosaurus, Tyrannosaurus' but similar to that of the dromaeosaurid 'Bambiraptor'. During flexion, the radius was forced distally by the radial condyle of the humerus. This movement is here suggested as a mechanism that forced a medial movement of the wrist. The antebrachium possessed a range of motion that was close to dromaeosaurids; however, the unguals were capable of hyper-extension, in particular manual phalanx I-2, which is a primitive range of motion characteristic seen in allosaurids and 'Dilophosaurus'. During flexion, digits I and II slightly converge and diverge when extended which is accentuated by hyperextension of the digits in particular the unguals. We envision that prey was dispatched by its hands and feet with manual phalanx I- 2 playing a dominant role. The range of motion analysis neither confirms nor refutes current phylogenetic hypotheses with regards to the placement of Megaraptoridae; however, we note 'Australovenator' possessed, not only a similar forearm range of motion to some maniraptorans and basal coelurosaurs, but also similarities with Tetanurans (Allosauroids and Dilophosaurus).
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: PLoS One, 10(9), p. 1-20
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 1932-6203
Field of Research (FOR): 060301 Animal Systematics and Taxonomy
040308 Palaeontology (incl. Palynology)
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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