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Title: High Altitude Wetlands of Nepal
Contributor(s): Kumar, Lalit  (author)orcid ; Lamsal, Pramod (author)
Publication Date: 2016
DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-6173-5_278-1
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Abstract: Currently there is no precise definition available in the scientific literature for the term high altitude wetlands (HAWs), however Chatterjee et al. (2010) describe HAWs as "areas of swamp, marsh, meadow, fen, peat land, or water located at an altitude above 3,000 m, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish, or saline and are generally located at altitude between continuous natural forest border and the permanent snow." HAWs include different categories of water bodies, such as lakes, ponds, rivers, glaciers, and glacial lakes. They are characterized by a unique diversity of water sources, habitats, species, and communities and generally have not been subjected to rampant human interference compared to other wetland ecosystems. Nepal is blessed with the highest peak in the world, Mt. Everest, along with another ten of the fourteen highest peaks, all over 8,000 m. These mountains are the source of many glaciers and lakes in the high altitude regions across the country. Most of the high altitude wetlands in South Asia, including Nepal, lie within the Hindu Kush Himalayan Region that extends over 3,500 km and covers approximately 3.5 million sq. km., acting as a fresh water reservoir to the major river basins such as the Ganges, Indus, Yangtze, Mekong, Amu Darya, and Hilmand (Gujja 2005).
Publication Type: Book Chapter
Source of Publication: The Wetland Book, v.II: Distribution, Description and Conservation, p. 1-9
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Place of Publication: The Netherlands
ISBN: 9789400761735
Field of Research (FOR): 050204 Environmental Impact Assessment
050102 Ecosystem Function
050206 Environmental Monitoring
HERDC Category Description: B1 Chapter in a Scholarly Book
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