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Title: A Method for Exploring the Link between Urban Area Expansion over Time and the Opportunity for Crime in Saudi Arabia
Contributor(s): Algahtany, Mofza (author); Kumar, Lalit  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2016
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.3390/rs8100863Open Access Link
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Abstract: Urban area expansion is one of the most critical types of worldwide change, and most urban areas are experiencing increased growth in population and infrastructure development. Urban change leads to many changes in the daily activities of people living within an affected area. Many studies have suggested that urbanization and crime are related. However, they focused particularly on land uses, types of land use, and urban forms, such as the physical features of neighbourhoods, roads, shopping centres, and bus stations. Understanding the correlation between urban area expansion and crime is very important for criminologists and urban planning decision-makers. In this study, we have used satellite images to measure urban expansion over a 10-year period and tested the correlations between these expansions and the number of criminal activities within these specific areas. The results show that there is a measurable relationship between urban expansion and criminal activities. Our findings support the crime opportunity theory as one possibility, which suggests that population density and crime are conceptually related. We found the correlations are stronger where there has been greater urban growth. Many other factors that may affect crime rate are not included in this paper, such as information on the spatial details of the population, city planning, economic considerations, the distance from the city centre, neighbourhood quality, and police numbers. However, this study will be of particular interest to those who aim to use remote sensing to study patterns of crime.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Remote Sensing, 8(10), p. 1-16
Publisher: MDPIAG
Place of Publication: Switzerland
ISSN: 2072-4292
Field of Research (FOR): 090903 Geospatial Information Systems
160201 Causes and Prevention of Crime
090905 Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 940404 Law Enforcement
940402 Crime Prevention
940407 Legislation, Civil and Criminal Codes
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science

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