Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/19697
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dc.contributor.authorKarimi, Karimen
dc.contributor.authorStrucken, Evaen
dc.contributor.authorMoghaddar, Nasiroddinen
dc.contributor.authorFerdosi, Mohammaden
dc.contributor.authorEsmailizadeh, Alien
dc.contributor.authorGondro, Cedricen
dc.date.accessioned2016-12-08T14:27:00Z
dc.date.issued2016en
dc.identifier.citationBMC Genetics, v.17, p. 1-14en
dc.identifier.issn1471-2156en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/19697en
dc.description.abstractBackground: Two separate domestication events gave rise to humped zebu cattle in India and humpless taurine cattle in the Fertile Crescent of the Near and Middle East. Iran covers the Eastern side of the Fertile Crescent and exhibits a variety of native cattle breeds, however, only little is known about the admixture patterns of Iranian cattle and their contribution to the formation of modern cattle breeds. Results: Genome-wide data (700k chip) of eight Iranian cattle breeds (Sarabi N = 19, Kurdi N = 7, Taleshi N = 7, Mazandarani N = 10, Najdi N = 7, Pars N = 7, Kermani N = 9, and Sistani N = 9) were collected from across Iran. For a local assessment, taurine (Holstein and Jersey) and indicine (Brahman) outgroup samples were used. For the global perspective, 134 world-wide cattle breeds were included. Between breed variation amongst Iranian cattle explained 60% (p < 0.001) of the total molecular variation and 82.88% (p < 0.001) when outgroups were included. Several migration edges were observed within the Iranian cattle breeds. The highest indicine proportion was found in Sistani. All Iranian breeds with higher indicine ancestry were more admixed with a complex migration pattern. Nineteen founder populations most accurately explained the admixture of 44 selected representative cattle breeds (standard error 0.4617). Low levels of African ancestry were identified in Iranian cattle breeds (on average 7.5%); however, the signal did not persist through all analyses. Admixture and migration analyses revealed minimal introgression from Iranian cattle into other taurine cattle (Holstein, Hanwoo, Anatolian breeds). Conclusion: The eight Iranian cattle breeds feature a discrete genetic composition which should be considered in conservation programs aimed at preserving unique species and genetic diversity. Despite a complex admixture pattern among Iranian cattle breeds, there was no strong introgression from other world-wide cattle breeds into Iranian cattle and vice versa. Considering Iran's central location of cattle domestication, Iranian cattle might represent a local domestication event that remained contained and did not contribute to the formation of modern breeds, or genetics of the ancestral population that gave rise to modern cattle is too diluted to be linked directly to any current cattle breeds.en
dc.languageenen
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltden
dc.relation.ispartofBMC Geneticsen
dc.titleLocal and global patterns of admixture and population structure in Iranian native cattleen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12863-016-0416-zen
dcterms.accessRightsGolden
dc.subject.keywordsAnimal Breedingen
local.contributor.firstnameKarimen
local.contributor.firstnameEvaen
local.contributor.firstnameNasiroddinen
local.contributor.firstnameMohammaden
local.contributor.firstnameAlien
local.contributor.firstnameCedricen
local.subject.for2008070201 Animal Breedingen
local.subject.seo2008830301 Beef Cattleen
local.profile.schoolSchool of Environmental and Rural Scienceen
local.profile.schoolSchool of Environmental and Rural Scienceen
local.profile.schoolAnimal Genetics and Breeding Uniten
local.profile.schoolSchool of Environmental and Rural Scienceen
local.profile.emailestrucke@une.edu.auen
local.profile.emailnmoghad4@une.edu.auen
local.profile.emailmferdos3@une.edu.auen
local.profile.emailcgondro2@une.edu.auen
local.output.categoryC1en
local.record.placeauen
local.record.institutionUniversity of New Englanden
local.identifier.epublicationsrecordune-chute-20161112-151544en
local.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen
local.identifier.runningnumber108en
local.format.startpage1en
local.format.endpage14en
local.peerreviewedYesen
local.identifier.volume17en
local.access.fulltextYesen
local.contributor.lastnameKarimien
local.contributor.lastnameStruckenen
local.contributor.lastnameMoghaddaren
local.contributor.lastnameFerdosien
local.contributor.lastnameEsmailizadehen
local.contributor.lastnameGondroen
dc.identifier.staffune-id:estruckeen
dc.identifier.staffune-id:nmoghad4en
dc.identifier.staffune-id:mferdos3en
dc.identifier.staffune-id:cgondro2en
local.profile.orcid0000-0002-2715-0733en
local.profile.orcid0000-0002-3600-7752en
local.profile.orcid0000-0001-5385-4913en
local.profile.orcid0000-0003-0666-656Xen
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.profile.roleauthoren
local.identifier.unepublicationidune:19887en
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
dc.identifier.academiclevelAcademicen
local.title.maintitleLocal and global patterns of admixture and population structure in Iranian native cattleen
local.output.categorydescriptionC1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journalen
local.description.statisticsepubsVisitors: 90<br />Views: 93<br />Downloads: 1en
local.search.authorKarimi, Karimen
local.search.authorStrucken, Evaen
local.search.authorMoghaddar, Nasiroddinen
local.search.authorFerdosi, Mohammaden
local.search.authorEsmailizadeh, Alien
local.search.authorGondro, Cedricen
local.uneassociationUnknownen
local.year.published2016en
Appears in Collections:Animal Genetics and Breeding Unit (AGBU)
Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science
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