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Title: HPTN 068: A Randomized Control Trial of a Conditional Cash Transfer to Reduce HIV Infection in Young Women in South Africa - Study Design and Baseline Results
Contributor(s): Pettifor, Audrey (author); MacPhail, Catherine  (author); Wang, Jing (author); Twine, Rhian (author); Daniel, Tamu (author); Andrew, Philip (author); Laeyendecker, Oliver (author); Agyei, Yaw (author); Tollman, Stephen (author); Kahn, Kathleen (author); Selin, Amanda (author); Gomez-Olive, F Xavier (author); Rosenberg, Molly (author); Wagner, Ryan G (author); Mabuza, Wonderful (author); Hughes, James P (author); Suchindran, Chirayath (author); Piwowar-Manning, Estelle (author)
Publication Date: 2016
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1007/s10461-015-1270-0Open Access Link
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Abstract: Young women in South Africa are at high risk for HIV infection. Cash transfers offer promise to reduce HIV risk. We present the design and baseline results from HPTN 068, a phase III, individually randomized trial to assess the effect of a conditional cash transfer on HIV acquisition among South African young women. A total of 2533 young women were randomized to receive a monthly cash transfer conditional on school attendance or to a control group. A number of individual-, partner-, household- and school-level factors were associated with HIV and HSV-2 infection. After adjusting for age, all levels were associated with an increased odds of HIV infection with partner-level factors conveying the strongest association (aOR 3.05 95 % CI 1.84-5.06). Interventions like cash transfers that address structural factors such as schooling and poverty have the potential to reduce HIV risk in young women in South Africa.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: AIDS and Behavior, 20(9), p. 1863-1882
Publisher: Springer New York LLC
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 1573-3254
Field of Research (FOR): 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
111706 Epidemiology
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 920507 Women's Health
920401 Behaviour and Health
920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified)
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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