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Title: Bridging the gap: The effect of gender normativity on differences in empathy and emotional intelligence
Contributor(s): Clarke, Michael J (author); Marks, Anthony  (author); Lykins, Amy  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2016
DOI: 10.1080/09589236.2015.1049246
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Abstract: Self-report measures of empathy and emotional intelligence have frequently revealed significant gender differences, with females typically scoring higher than males on these dimensions. In this study, we investigated whether, in line with a social identity approach, manipulating the gender normativity of empathy and emotional intelligence would ameliorate typically observed differences. Male and female participants (N = 330) were randomly assigned to read one of three narratives comprising fictitious neurological research evidence which claimed that males (Condition 1) or females (Condition 2) or neither males nor females (Condition 3) scored higher on measures of empathy and emotional intelligence. Results indicated that, in Conditions 2 and 3, females scored significantly higher than males on self-reported empathy. However, when information suggested that males were superior to females (Condition 1), no significant gender differences in self-reported empathy were observed. A similar pattern was found for emotional intelligence, however the predicted interaction effect failed to reach significance. The role of social context in determining gender differences in emotional functioning is discussed with particular reference to gender differences in motivation.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Gender Studies, 25(5), p. 522-539
Publisher: Routledge
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1465-3869
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 170105 Gender Psychology
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520502 Gender psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200201 Determinants of health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article

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