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Title: The relationships between mindfulness, sport anxiety, pessimistic attributions and flow in competitive cyclists
Contributor(s): Scott-Hamilton, John  (author)orcid ; Schutte, Nicola  (author)orcid ; Moyle, Gene M (author); Brown, Rhonda  (author)
Publication Date: 2016
DOI: 10.7352/IJSP.2016.47.103
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Abstract: This research investigated a model connecting greater mindfulness to more occurrences of flow and less sport-specific anxiety and pessimistic sport attributions in competitive cyclists. The research examined direct and indirect paths from mindfulness to the subjective state of being in flow. Indirect paths examined were through pessimistic sports attributions, sport-specific anxiety and flow conditions. Key findings were that higher levels of mindfulness were associated with more experience of flow, fewer sports-related pessimistic cognitions, and less sport-specific anxiety. Lower levels of sport-specific pessimistic attributions and sport-specific anxiety were associated with a higher frequency of experienced flow conditions. A higher frequency of flow conditions was associated with more occurrence of the subjective state of being in flow. The results support a model connecting mindfulness to flow experience through the meeting of flow conditions and through less experience of pessimism and anxiety. The results have implications for possible interventions focused upon increasing mindfulness to enhance the occurrence of flow.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: International Journal of Sport Psychology, 47(2), p. 103-121
Publisher: Edizioni Luigi Pozzi srl
Place of Publication: Rome, Italy
ISSN: 0047-0767
Field of Research (FoR) 2008: 170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Field of Research (FoR) 2020: 520107 Sport and exercise psychology
520304 Health psychology
520303 Counselling psychology
520302 Clinical psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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