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Title: Goiter in portraits of Judith the Jewish heroine
Contributor(s): Lazzeri, Davide (author); Castello, Manuel Francisco (author); Lippi, Donatella (author); Weisz, George M  (author)
Publication Date: 2016
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.4103/2230-8210.172266Open Access Link
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Abstract: Judith was a legendary Hebrew heroine who beheaded the general Holofernes and saved the children of Israel from destruction by the Assyrian army. In the Book of Judith, which is still present in the Catholic and Orthodox Christian Bibles, Judith is presented as an illustrious woman who defeated the enemy using her virtue and fortitude. The present investigation has revealed 24 portraits in which Judith has been depicted with variable grades of thyroid gland enlargement on the scene where she decapitates Holofernes. There is no doubt that the integration of a slight thyroid enlargement in the paintings is a stylistic hallmark that portrays an idealized female beauty with a balanced neck and graceful body. The large extended goiter was probably depicted by the artists as a symbol of a powerful masculine body and her courage, and at the same time, it probably also reflects better anatomic accuracy and knowledge of artists from that period.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 20(1), p. 119-122
Publisher: Medknow Publications and Media Pvt Ltd
Place of Publication: India
ISSN: 2230-8210
Field of Research (FOR): 210307 European History (excl. British, Classical Greek and Roman)
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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