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Title: Exploring Holotropic Breathwork: An Empirical Evaluation of Altered States of Awareness and Patterns of Phenomenological Subsystems with Reference to Transliminality
Contributor(s): Rock, Adam J  (author)orcid ; Denning, Nigel C (author); Harris, Kylie  (author); Clark, Gavin  (author); Misso, Dave (author)
Publication Date: 2015
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Abstract: It is a long-standing assumption that holotropic breathwork (HB) induces an altered state of consciousness. However, this assumption has not been empirically tested. Consequently, 32 participants were recruited for the present study, which aimed to use the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory (PCI) to quantify the pattern of phenomenological subsystems and Altered State of Awareness (ASA) scores associated with a HB condition relative to a comparison condition and a baseline assessment. The hypothesis that the HB group would report a different pattern of relationships among phenomenological subsystems relative to the comparison condition and baseline was partially supported. In addition, the hypothesis that, while controlling for baseline, the HB group would report higher ASA scores than the comparison group was supported. Finally, for the HB group, transliminality did not significantly improve the prediction of ASA, while controlling for baseline. Various suggestions for future research are discussed.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 47(1), p. 3-24
Publisher: Association for Transpersonal Psychology
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 0022-524X
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
170111 Psychology of Religion
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520302 Clinical psychology
520504 Psychology of religion
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 280121 Expanding knowledge in psychology
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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