Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/189
Title: Periodicity of DNA in Exons
Contributor(s): Eskesen, ST (author); Eskesen, FN (author); Kinghorn, B  (author); Ruvinsky, A (author)
Publication Date: 2004
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2199-5-12
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/189
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The periodic pattern of DNA in exons is a known phenomenon. It was suggested that one of the initial causes of periodicity could be the universal (RNY)npattern (R = A or G, Y= C or U, N = any base) of ancient RNA. Two major questions were addressed in this paper.Firstly, the cause of DNA periodicity, which was investigated by comparisons between real and simulated coding sequences. Secondly, quantification of DNA periodicity was made using anevolutionary algorithm, which was not previously used for such purposes.RESULTS: We have shown that simulated coding sequences, which were composed using codon usage frequencies only, demonstrate DNA periodicity very similar to the observed in real exons.It was also found that DNA periodicity disappears in the simulated sequences, when the frequencies of codons become equal.Frequencies of the nucleotides (and the dinucleotide AG) at each location along phase 0 exons were calculated for C. elegans, D. melanogaster and H. sapiens. Two models were used to fit thesedata, with the key objective of describing periodicity. Both of the models showed that the best-fit curves closely matched the actual data points. The first dynamic period determination modelconsistently generated a value, which was very close to the period equal to 3 nucleotides. The second fixed period model, as expected, kept the period exactly equal to 3 and did not detract from its goodness of fit.CONCLUSIONS: Conclusion can be drawn that DNA periodicity in exons is determined by codon usage frequencies. It is essential to differentiate between DNA periodicity itself, and the length ofthe period equal to 3. Periodicity itself is a result of certain combinations of codons with different frequencies typical for a species. The length of period equal to 3, instead, is caused by the triplet nature of genetic code. The models and evolutionary algorithm used for characterising DNA periodicity are proven to be an effective tool for describing the periodicity pattern in a species, when a number of exons in the same phase are analysed.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: BMC Molecular Biology, 5(12), p. 1-11
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd
Place of Publication: UK
ISSN: 1471-2199
Field of Research (FOR): 070201 Animal Breeding
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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