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Title: Relational aggression and physical aggression among adolescent Cook Islands students
Contributor(s): Page, Angela  (author)orcid ; Smith, Lisa F (author)
Publication Date: 2016
Open Access: Yes
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Abstract: Both physical and relational aggression are characterised by the intent to harm another. Physical aggression includes direct behaviours such as hitting or kicking; relational aggression involves behaviours designed to damage relationships, such as excluding others, spreading rumours, and delivering threats and verbal abuse. This study extended research conducted in New Zealand (Page & Smith, 2012) to explore perceptions of Physical Aggression (PA) and Relational Aggression (RA) of Year 7 to 13 boys and girls (n = 443) and their teachers (n = 8) in the Cook Islands. It also investigated teachers' strategies used to manage aggression. Using a mixed-methods approach, results indicated that there was no gender difference in the perpetration of PA. Girls, however, were more likely to perpetrate and be targets of RA than were boys, but were more likely than boys to act in prosocial ways. Boys were more likely to be targets of PA. PA and RA were highly correlated for both genders. Finally, teachers' perceptions of RA and PA behaviours corresponded with those of the students, but their perceptions of effective strategies differed from those of the students. The findings are discussed in terms of developing strategies for building healthy relationships within Cook Islands' schools.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Issues in Educational Research, 26(1), p. 98-116
Publisher: Western Australian Institute for Educational Research Inc
Place of Publication: Australia
ISSN: 1837-6290
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 130305 Educational Counselling
130311 Pacific Peoples Education
130308 Gender, Sexuality and Education
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 390404 Educational counselling
390406 Gender, sexuality and education
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 930302 Syllabus and Curriculum Development
959999 Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified
920401 Behaviour and Health
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 160301 Assessment, development and evaluation of curriculum
200401 Behaviour and health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article

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