Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/18803
Title: Developing a Relative Ranking of Social Vulnerability of Governorates of Yemen to Humanitarian Crisis
Contributor(s): Kandeh, Joseph (author); Kumar, Lalit  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2015
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.3390/ijgi4041913Open Access Link
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/18803
Abstract: The social vulnerability of the Yemeni population to humanitarian emergencies is not evenly distributed between the governorates. Some governorates may be more susceptible to the impacts than others, based on the circumstances of the people residing within them. In this paper, we present a methodology for assessing social vulnerability of governorates of Yemen to humanitarian emergencies using a Geographic Information Systems approach. We develop a spatial index of social vulnerability from an initial list of 80 variables that were reduced to 12 factors through Principal Component Analysis. Our findings show that the differences in social vulnerability between governorates are primarily driven by 12 factors, of which education, lack of basic services in health, water and sanitation, electricity, housing quality, poverty, limited livelihood opportunities, and internal and external displacement are the major determinants. The results show that the factors that contribute to social vulnerability are different for each governorate, underpinning the need for context-specific vulnerability reduction approaches. The most vulnerable governorates are characterized by conflicts, armed clashes and violence. The geographic variability in social vulnerability further underpins the need for different mitigation, humanitarian response and recovery actions. The use of Geographic Information Systems approach has contributed to our understanding of the geographies of vulnerability to humanitarian emergencies in Yemen.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 4(4), p. 1913-1935
Publisher: MDPIAG
Place of Publication: Basel, Switzerland
ISSN: 2220-9964
Field of Research (FOR): 090905 Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
090903 Geospatial Information Systems
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 920206 Health Inequalities
920405 Environmental Health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science

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