Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/18582
Title: En Route to Depression: Self-Esteem Discrepancies and Habitual Rumination
Contributor(s): Phillips, Wendy J  (author)orcid ; Hine, Donald W  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2016
DOI: 10.1111/jopy.12141
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/18582
Abstract: Dual-process models of cognitive vulnerability to depression suggest that some individuals possess discrepant implicit and explicit self-views, such as high explicit and low implicit self-esteem (fragile self-esteem) or low explicit and high implicit self-esteem (damaged self-esteem). This study investigated whether individuals with discrepant self-esteem may employ depressive rumination in an effort to reduce discrepancy-related dissonance, and whether the relationship between self-esteem discrepancy and future depressive symptoms varies as a function of rumination tendencies. Hierarchical regressions examined whether self-esteem discrepancy was associated with rumination in an Australian undergraduate sample at Time 1 ('N' = 306; M'age' = 29.9), and whether rumination tendencies moderated the relationship between self-esteem discrepancy and depressive symptoms assessed 3 months later ('n' = 160). Damaged self-esteem was associated with rumination at Time 1. As hypothesized, rumination moderated the relationship between self-esteem discrepancy and depressive symptoms at Time 2, where fragile self-esteem and high rumination tendencies at Time 1 predicted the highest levels of subsequent dysphoria. Results are consistent with dual-process propositions that (a) explicit self-regulation strategies may be triggered when explicit and implicit self-beliefs are incongruent, and (b) rumination may increase the likelihood of depression by expending cognitive resources and/or amplifying negative implicit biases.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Personality, 84(1), p. 79-90
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 0022-3506
1467-6494
Field of Research (FoR) 2008: 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
Field of Research (FoR) 2020: undefined
520303 Counselling psychology
520304 Health psychology
520302 Clinical psychology
520503 Personality and individual differences
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 920410 Mental Health
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200409 Mental health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Statistics to Oct 2018: Visitors: 285
Views: 330
Downloads: 0
Appears in Collections:Journal Article

Files in This Item:
2 files
File Description SizeFormat 
Show full item record

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

7
checked on Sep 29, 2021

Page view(s)

66
checked on Mar 4, 2019
Google Media

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

 

Items in Research UNE are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.