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Title: Moving home: nest-site selection in the Red Dwarf honeybee ('Apis florea')
Contributor(s): Makinson, James C (author); Oldroyd, Benjamin P (author); Schaerf, Timothy  (author)orcid ; Wattanachaiyingcharoen, Wandee (author); Beekman, Madeleine (author)
Publication Date: 2011
DOI: 10.1007/s00265-010-1095-9
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Abstract: The Red Dwarf honeybee ('Apis florea') is one of two basal species in the genus 'Apis. A. florea' differs from the well-studied Western Hive bee ('Apis mellifera') in that it nests in the open rather than in cavities. This fundamental difference in nesting biology is likely to have implications for nest-site selection, the process by which a reproductive swarm selects a new site to live in. In 'A. mellifera', workers show a series of characteristic behaviors that allow the swarm to select the best nest site possible. Here, we describe the behavior of individual 'A. florea' workers during the process of nest-site selection and show that it differs from that seen in 'A. mellifera'. We analyzed a total of 1,459 waggle dances performed by 197 scouts in five separate swarms. Our results suggest that two fundamental aspects of the behavior of 'A. mellifera' scouts -the process of dance decay and the process of repeated nest site evaluation- do not occur in 'A. florea'. We also found that the piping signal used by 'A. mellifera' scouts to signal that a quorum has been reached at the chosen site, is performed by both dancing and non-dancing bees in 'A. florea'. Thus, the piping signal appears to serve a different purpose in 'A. florea'. Our results illustrate how differences in nesting biology affect the behavior of individual bees during the nest-site selection process.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Grant Details: ARC/DP0984731
Source of Publication: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 65(5), p. 945-958
Publisher: Springer
Place of Publication: Germany
ISSN: 1432-0762
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 060201 Behavioural Ecology
010202 Biological Mathematics
060801 Animal Behaviour
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 310301 Behavioural ecology
310901 Animal behaviour
490102 Biological mathematics
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 970101 Expanding Knowledge in the Mathematical Sciences
970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 280118 Expanding knowledge in the mathematical sciences
280102 Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article

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