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Title: The organic P composition of Vertisols as determined by 31P NMR spectroscopy
Contributor(s): McLaren, Timothy (author); Smernik, Ronald J (author); Guppy, Christopher  (author)orcid ; Bell, Mike J (author); Tighe, Matthew  (author)
Publication Date: 2014
DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2014.04.0139
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Abstract: Solution 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy on sodium hydroxide-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (NaOH-EDTA) extracts can provide detailed characterization of soil organic P, but has not been previously applied widely to Vertisols. Vertisol soils were collected at two depths (0-10 cm and 10-30 cm) for chemical and spectroscopic analysis. Sodium hydroxide-EDTA extracted a relatively consistent proportion (17 to 37%; average 25%) of the total organic P content determined by the ignition-H2SO4 extraction technique. Orthophosphate monoesters were the dominant form of organic P detected by solution 31P NMR spectroscopy of the NaOH-EDTA extracts, the majority of which appeared to be present in large 'humic' molecules, based on the predominance of a broad peak in the NMR spectra; some smaller signals due to glycerophosphate, inositol phosphates, and RNA-derived mononucleotides were also evident. The composition of organic P in the topsoil layer was very similar to that in the subsoil layer. Strong correlations were found between soil organic carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) and extractable organic P, which suggests that processes regulating the cycling of organic C and N are closely related to that for organic P in these Vertisols.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Soil Science Society of America Journal, 78(6), p. 1893-1902
Publisher: Soil Science Society of America
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 1435-0661
Field of Research (FOR): 070101 Agricultural Land Management
050304 Soil Chemistry (excl Carbon Sequestration Science)
050302 Land Capability and Soil Degradation
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 961402 Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Soils
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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