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Title: Monitoring the coastline change of Hatiya Island in Bangladesh using remote sensing techniques
Contributor(s): Ghosh, Manoj K (author); Kumar, Lalit (author)orcid ; Roy, Chandan (author)
Publication Date: 2015
DOI: 10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2014.12.009
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Abstract: A large percentage of the world's population is concentrated along the coastal zones. These environmentally sensitive areas are under intense pressure from natural processes such as erosion, accretion and natural disasters as well as anthropogenic processes such as urban growth, resource development and pollution. These threats have made the coastal zone a priority for coastline monitoring programs and sustainable coastal management. This research utilizes integrated techniques of remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS) to monitor coastline changes from 1989 to 2010 at Hatiya Island, Bangladesh. In this study, satellite images from Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM) were used to quantify the spatio-temporal changes that took place in the coastal zone of Hatiya Island during the specified period. The modified normalized difference water index (MNDWI) algorithm was applied to TM (1989 and 2010) and ETM (2000) images to discriminate the land–water interface and he on-screen digitizing approach was used over the MNDWI images of 1989, 2000 and 2010 for coastline extraction. Afterwards, the extent of changes in the coastline was estimated through overlaying the digitized maps of Hatiya Island of all three years. Coastline positions were highlighted to infer the erosion/ accretion sectors along the coast, and the coastline changes were calculated. The results showed that erosion was severe in the northern and western parts of the island, whereas the southern and eastern parts of the island gained land through sedimentation. Over the study period (1989-2010), this offshore island witnessed the erosion of 6476 hectares. In contrast it experienced an accretion of 9916 hectares. These erosion and accretion processes played an active role in the changes of coastline during the study period.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, v.101, p. 137-144
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Place of Publication: The Netherlands
ISSN: 1872-8235
Field of Research (FOR): 050205 Environmental Management
090905 Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
050206 Environmental Monitoring
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Environmental and Rural Science

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