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Title: Genetic Parameters Revisited for Ultrasound Scanning Traits in Australian Sheep
Contributor(s): Mortimer, S I (author); Swan, Andrew  (author); Brown, Daniel  (author); Van Der Werf, Julius H  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2014
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Abstract: This study estimated genetic parameters for ultrasound scanning measurements of fat (FAT) and eye muscle (EMD) depths in sheep, expressed during the early post weaning period, from analyses including and excluding body weight (WT) as a covariate and compared these to equivalent genetic parameters derived post analysis. Direct heritability estimates from univariate analyses for all traits were moderate (0.17 to 0.25). Estimates from models with WT adjustment were about 30% higher, while maternal environmental effects were not significant. From bivariate analyses of WT with each of EMD and FAT, genetic variance for WT where EMD and FAT were adjusted was higher than the derived estimates, resulting in increased heritability estimates for WT and negative genetic correlations in comparison to both unadjusted estimates (which were positive) and derived estimates (which were weakly positive). We conclude that the phenotypic adjustment of scanned eye muscle and fat depths to a constant body weight could overcorrect the estimated breeding values for these traits and that post analysis adjustment may be a better approach. Adjusting genetic parameter estimates post analysis would allow use of more appropriate models in genetic evaluation.
Publication Type: Conference Publication
Conference Name: WCGALP 2014: 10th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Vancouver, Canada, 17th - 22nd August, 2014
Conference Details: WCGALP 2014: 10th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Vancouver, Canada, 17th - 22nd August, 2014
Source of Publication: Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production (WCGALP) (Species Breeding: Sheep and goats), p. 1-3
Publisher: American Society of Animal Science
Place of Publication: Champaign, United States of America
Field of Research (FOR): 070201 Animal Breeding
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 830311 Sheep - Wool
830310 Sheep - Meat
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: E1 Refereed Scholarly Conference Publication
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Appears in Collections:Animal Genetics and Breeding Unit (AGBU)
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