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Title: The Role of British Agents and Engineers in the Early Westernization of Japan with a Focus on the Robinson and Waters Brothers
Contributor(s): Vivers, Meg I  (author)
Publication Date: 2015
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1179/1758120614Z.00000000057Open Access Link
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Abstract: Much has been written about the many Western experts, particularly engineers, who travelled to Japan and contributed to the country's modernization in the years following the Meiji Restoration (1868). In this paper it is argued that more emphasis could be placed on the contribution made, not only by experts in situ, but also by agents who remained in the West and sent out instructions and materials, enabling extraordinary changes under the new centralized Japanese government. The author traces the achievements of the Waters and Robinson families who, as agents, engineers, entrepreneurs and opportunists, combined to contribute to a decade of advancement now known to Japanese historians as the Waters era.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: The International Journal for the History of Engineering & Technology, 85(1), p. 115-139
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1750-3523
Field of Research (FOR): 210302 Asian History
210305 British History
120103 Architectural History and Theory
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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