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Title: To Meat or Not to Meat? New Perspectives on Neanderthal Ecology
Contributor(s): Fiorenza, Luca  (author); Benazzi, Stefano (author); Henry, Amanda G (author); Salazar-Garcia, Domingo C (author); Blasco, Ruth (author); Picin, Andrea (author); Wroe, Stephen  (author)orcid ; Kullmer, Ottmar (author)
Publication Date: 2015
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22659Open Access Link
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Abstract: Neanderthals have been commonly depicted as top predators who met their nutritional needs by focusing entirely on meat. This information mostly derives from faunal assemblage analyses and stable isotope studies: methods that tend to underestimate plant consumption and overestimate the intake of animal proteins. Several studies in fact demonstrate that there is a physiological limit to the amount of animal proteins that can be consumed: exceeding these values causes protein toxicity that can be particularly dangerous to pregnant women and newborns. Consequently, to avoid food poisoning from meat-based diets, Neanderthals must have incorporated alternative food sources in their daily diets, including plant materials as well.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Grant Details: ARC/DP140102659
Source of Publication: Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 156(Supplement S59), p. 43-71
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 0096-848X
Field of Research (FOR): 160102 Biological (Physical) Anthropology
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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