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Title: Suicide Prevention in Australian Aboriginal Communities: A Review of Past and Present Programs
Contributor(s): Ridani, Rebecca (author); Shand, Fiona L (author); Christensen, Helen (author); McKay, Kathryn  (author); Tighe, Joe (author); Burns, Jane (author); Hunter, Ernest (author)
Publication Date: 2015
DOI: 10.1111/sltb.12121
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Abstract: A review of Aboriginal suicide prevention programs were conducted to highlight promising projects and strategies. A content analysis of gray literature was conducted to identify interventions reported to have an impact in reducing suicidal rates and behaviors. Most programs targeted the whole community and were delivered through workshops, cultural activities, or creative outlets. Curriculums included suicide risk and protective factors, warning signs, and mental health. Many programs were poorly documented and evaluations did not include suicidal outcomes. Most evaluations considered process variables. Results from available outcome evaluations suggest that employing a whole of community approach and focusing on connectedness, belongingness and cultural heritage may be of benefit. Despite the challenges, there is a clear need to evaluate outcomes if prevention is to be progressed.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 45(1), p. 111-140
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 1943-278X
Field of Research (FOR): 111701 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health
111712 Health Promotion
111708 Health and Community Services
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 920301 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Determinants of Health
920302 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Health Status and Outcomes
920303 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health - Health System Performance (incl. Effectiveness of Interventions)
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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