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Title: Effect of biochar amendment on the soil-atmosphere exchange of greenhouse gases from an intensive subtropical pasture in northern New South Wales, Australia
Contributor(s): Scheer, Clemens (author); Grace, Peter R (author); Rowlings, David W (author); Kimber, Stephen (author); Van Zwieten, Lukas  (author)
Publication Date: 2011
DOI: 10.1007/s11104-011-0759-1
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Abstract: We assessed the effect of biochar incorporation into the soil on the soil-atmosphere exchange of the greenhouse gases (GHG) from an intensive subtropical pasture. For this, we measured N₂O, CH₄ and CO₂ emissions with high temporal resolution from April to June 2009 in an existing factorial experiment where cattle feedlot biochar had been applied at 10 t ha⁻¹ in November 2006. Over the whole measurement period, significant emissions of N₂O and CO₂ were observed, whereas a net uptake of CH4 was measured. N₂O emissions were found to be highly episodic with one major emission pulse (up to 502 μg N₂O-N m⁻² h⁻¹) following heavy rainfall. There was no significant difference in the net flux of GHGs from the biochar amended vs. the control plots. Our results demonstrate that intensively managed subtropical pastures on ferrosols in northern New South Wales of Australia can be a significant source of GHG. Our hypothesis that the application of biochar would lead to a reduction in emissions of GHG from soils was not supported in this field assessment. Additional studies with longer observation periods are needed to clarify the long term effect of biochar amendment on soil microbial processes and the emission of GHGs under field conditions.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Plant and Soil, 345(1-2), p. 47-58
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Place of Publication: Dordrecht, Netherlands
ISSN: 0032-079X
Field of Research (FOR): 050301 Carbon Sequestration Science
050304 Soil Chemistry (excl Carbon Sequestration Science)
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 961402 Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Soils
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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