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Title: State of the Antarctic and Southern Ocean Climate System
Contributor(s): Mayewski, P A (author); Meredith, M P (author); Bromwich, D (author); Campbell, Hamish  (author); Hamilton, G S (author); Lyons, W B (author); Maasch, K A (author); Aoki, S (author); Xiao, C (author); van Ommen, Tas (author); Summerhayes, C P (author); Turner, J (author); Worby, A (author); Barrett, P J (author); Casassa, G (author); Bertler, N A N (author); Bracegirdle, T (author); Naveira Garabato, A C (author)
Publication Date: 2008
DOI: 10.1029/2007RG000231
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Abstract: This paper reviews developments in our understanding of the state of the Antarctic and Southern Ocean climate and its relation to the global climate system over the last few millennia. Climate over this and earlier periods has not been stable, as evidenced by the occurrence of abrupt changes in atmospheric circulation and temperature recorded in Antarctic ice core proxies for past climate. Two of the most prominent abrupt climate change events are characterized by intensification of the circumpolar westerlies (also known as the Southern Annular Mode) between ~6000 and 5000 years ago and since 1200-1000 years ago.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Reviews of Geophysics, 47(1), p. 1-38
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 8755-1209
Field of Research (FOR): 050204 Environmental Impact Assessment
050206 Environmental Monitoring
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 969901 Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Oceanography
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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