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Title: Down syndrome and dementia: Is depression a confounder for accurate diagnosis and treatment?
Contributor(s): Wark, Stuart  (author)orcid ; Hussain, Rafat  (author); Parmenter, Trevor  (author)
Publication Date: 2014
DOI: 10.1177/1744629514552152
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Abstract: The past century has seen a dramatic improvement in the life expectancy of people with Down syndrome. However, research has shown that individuals with Down syndrome now have an increased likelihood of early onset dementia. They are more likely than their mainstream peers to experience other significant co morbidities including mental health issues such as depression. This case study reports a phenomenon in which three individuals with Down syndrome and dementia are described as experiencing a rebound in their functioning after a clear and sustained period of decline. It is hypothesized that this phenomenon is not actually a reversal of the expected dementia trajectory but is an undiagnosed depression exaggerating the true level of functional decline associated with the dementia. The proactive identification and treatment of depressive symptoms may therefore increase the quality of life of some people with Down syndrome and dementia.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 18(4), p. 305-314
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1744-6309
Field of Research (FoR) 2008: 111702 Aged Health Care
111714 Mental Health
111703 Care for Disabled
Field of Research (FoR) 2020: 420301 Aged health care
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 920502 Health Related to Ageing
920403 Disability and Functional Capacity
920410 Mental Health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article

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