Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/15849
Title: Anthropology
Contributor(s): Black, Sue (author); Randolhp-Quinney, Patrick (author); Mallett, Xanthe  (author)
Publication Date: 2013
DOI: 10.1002/9780470061589.fsa058.pub2
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/15849
Abstract: Forensic anthropology can be described as the analysis of the human, or what remains of the human, for the medicolegal purpose of establishing identity. It is a multidisciplinary endeavor that applies the knowledge of biological anthropology and human osteology to cases where human remains are skeletonized, or where a detailed understanding of the growth and development, morphology, or norms of the human body can assist other disciplines in positive identification. This is achieved through the use of osteobiographical markers, which aid in the determination of four primary characteristics: skeletal age, sex, ancestry, and living stature. These are supplemented by markers of personal identity, which are likely to be specific to an individual, or that may be determined with varying degrees of statistical certainty. Such markers include both soft and hard tissue traits, some of which are biologically normal but specific to an individual, whereas others are pathological or abnormal, arising as the result of disease, trauma, surgical intervention, or cosmetic/aesthetic alteration.
Publication Type: Entry In Reference Work
Source of Publication: Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science, p. 1-28
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Place of Publication: Chichester, United Kingdom
ISBN: 9780470061589
Field of Research (FOR): 160299 Criminology not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society
HERDC Category Description: N Entry In Reference Work
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