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Title: Diversity, Uses, and Threats in the Ghodaghodi Lake Complex, a Ramsar Site in Western Lowland Nepal
Contributor(s): Lamsal, Pramod (author); Pant, Krishna Prasad (author); Kumar, Lalit  (author)orcid ; Atreya, Kishor (author)
Publication Date: 2014
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1155/2014/680102Open Access Link
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Abstract: This study documents aquatic and terrestrial/riparian biodiversity in an anthropogenically disturbed Ramsar site, the Ghodaghodi Lake complex, in the Western Nepal surveyed during the summer season (March-April) of 2007. The study site comprises three major interconnected lakes: Ghodaghodi (138 ha), Nakharodi (70 ha), and Bainshwa (10 ha). Five transect lines for aquatic macrophytes and three transect lines and 37 sampling plots were laid to sample terrestrial/riparian plants, birds, and animals. Five sample plots were established for fish and aquatic bird. A total of 45 species of aquatic macrophytes, 54 species of terrestrial/riparian vegetation, 19 fish species, 41 bird species, 17 mammals (endangered and vulnerable), and 5 reptiles (critically endangered, vulnerable, and near threatened) were recorded at the lake complex. Local people have used most of the aquatic and terrestrial plants for different purposes while many of the potential medicinal plant species were still untapped. Persistent anthropogenic threats, like excessive harvesting and poaching, habitat destruction-population pressure, forest fragmentation, siltation, fertilizer and pesticide seepage, water pollution, overgrazing, and unmanaged irrigation system found over the lake complex, endangered the existing biodiversity. The suggested remedial measures are further exploration of medicinal potential, prioritization of in situ biodiversity conservation strategies, and implementation of awareness program at local level against anthropogenic threats.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: ISRN Biodiversity, v.2014, p. 1-12
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Place of Publication: Egypt
ISSN: 2356-7872
Field of Research (FOR): 050209 Natural Resource Management
050206 Environmental Monitoring
050205 Environmental Management
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 960506 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments
960509 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Mountain and High Country Environments
961204 Rehabilitation of Degraded Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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