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Title: Development of the Tinnitus Response Scales: Factor analyses, subscale reliability and validity analyses
Contributor(s): Croft, Caroline (author); Brown, Rhonda  (author); Thorsteinsson, Einar B  (author)orcid ; Noble, William G  (author)
Publication Date: 2013
DOI: 10.5935/0946-5448.20130007
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Abstract: Patients suffering with tinnitus are often advised to accept the noise, but few studies have examined what tinnitus acceptance entails. The present project developed and tested a new instrument to assess the mindfulness based constructs of acceptance, control, and defeat, in relation to the experience of chronic tinnitus. Method: Initial scale development involved an expert panel. Participants were recruited from the general population and tinnitus support organizations and complete the first version of the Tinnitus Response Scales (TRS) and measures of tinnitus coping, severity and distress, general distress, illness cognitions, and tinnitus and health characteristics. Results: Three interpretable TRS factors were found: acceptance, control and defeat (an Internet sample, N = 273) and confirmed using another sample (hard-copy sample, N = 278). Factors were shown to have high internal consistency and test retest reliabilities and differed in terms of their related cognitions, behaviour, and emotional responses to tinnitus, and their tinnitus characteristics. Conclusion: The TRS factors provide an alternative conceptualisation of tinnitus responding. TRS is a brief psychometrically valid measure of tinnitus responding that appears to distinguish between adaptive and non-adaptive responses to tinnitus noise, and should prove useful as a clinical measure.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: International Tinnitus Journal, 18(1), p. 45-56
Publisher: SUNY Downstate Medical Center
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 0946-5448
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 170101 Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology)
170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520202 Behavioural neuroscience
520105 Psychological methodology, design and analysis
420403 Psychosocial aspects of childbirth and perinatal mental health
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 920203 Diagnostic Methods
920204 Evaluation of Health Outcomes
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200399 Provision of health and support services not elsewhere classified
200101 Diagnosis of human diseases and conditions
200202 Evaluation of health outcomes
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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