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Title: Self-arranged exposure for overcoming blood-injection-injury Phobia: a case study
Contributor(s): Pitkin, Michelle (author); Malouff, John M  (author)
Publication Date: 2014
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.1080/21642850.2014.916219Open Access Link
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Abstract: Blood-injection-injury (BII) phobia is both common and dangerous, because it can lead to avoidance of medical procedures for diagnosis and treatment. It also tends to prevent individuals from donating blood for use in the healthcare of others. BII phobia often has an unusual characteristic for a type of phobia - fainting. The typical treatment for BII phobia involves teaching the client how to avoid fainting and staging multiple gradual-exposure trials for the client. In this case report, an adult with the phobia obtained initial, mostly written, guidance from a psychologist, arranged her own applied muscle-tension practice sessions to learn how to keep from fainting, created her own fear hierarchy, and staged exposure trials herself, ending years of avoidance of blood withdrawal. By the end of the trials, she was able to give blood for a medical test and to donate blood for the first time in her life and to work as a volunteer at a blood-donation center. The results provide the first evidence that adults with BII phobia can end the phobia by arranging their own sessions of applied-tension practice and gradual self-exposure. The results suggest a new option for treating specific phobias in general with some adults: initial professional guidance followed by self-arranged gradual-exposure trials.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: An Open Access Journal, 2(1), p. 665-669
Publisher: Routledge
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 2164-2850
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520302 Clinical psychology
520303 Counselling psychology
520304 Health psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200201 Determinants of health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article

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