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Title: Stone artifacts and hominins in island Southeast Asia: New insights from Flores, eastern Indonesia
Contributor(s): Moore, Mark  (author)orcid ; Brumm, Adam (author)
Publication Date: 2007
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2006.08.002
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Abstract: This study reexamines the current understanding of Pleistocene stone-artifact assemblages in island Southeast Asia. A differentiation has long been made between assemblages of large-sized "core tools" and assemblages of small-sized "flake tools". "Core tool" assemblages are often argued to be the handiwork of early hominin species such as Homo erectus, while small-sized "flake tool" assemblages have been attributed to Homo sapiens. We argue that this traditional Southeast Asian perspective on stone tools assumes that the artifacts recovered from a site reflect a complete technological sequence. Our analyses of Pleistocene-age artifact assemblages from Flores, Indonesia, demonstrate that large pebble-based cores and small flake-based cores are aspects of one reduction sequence. We propose that the Flores pattern applies across island Southeast Asia: large-sized "core tool" assemblages are in fact a missing element of the small-sized flake-based reduction sequences found in many Pleistocene caves and rock-shelters. We conclude by discussing the implications of this for associating stone-artifact assemblages with hominin species in island Southeast Asia.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Human Evolution, 52(1), p. 85-102
Publisher: Elsevier Science B.V.
Place of Publication: Amsterdam, Netherlands
ISSN: 0047-2484
Field of Research (FOR): 210103 Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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