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Title: Psychometric Properties of the Measure of Adolescent Coping Strategies (MACS)
Contributor(s): Sveinbjornsdottir, Sigrun (author); Thorsteinsson, Einar B  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2014
Open Access: Yes
DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.52022Open Access Link
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Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520101 Child and adolescent development
520303 Counselling psychology
520503 Personality and individual differences
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 920410 Mental Health
920501 Child Health
920401 Behaviour and Health
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200409 Mental health
200501 Adolescent health
Abstract: This paper presents the collective results of three independent studies in two countries, Australia and Iceland, aimed to develop a psychometrically sound adolescent coping scale, the Measure of Adolescent Coping Strategies (MACS). Study 1, relying on 3034 Australian and 6908 Icelandic adolescents, revealed five conceptually distinct first-order factors. Two second-order factors (dimensions) were derived: (a) adaptive coping encompassing stoicism/distraction, seeking social support, and self-care, and (b) maladaptive coping encompassing acting out and rumination. This factor structure was supported by multi-sample confirmatory factor analysis (MSCFA) across age, gender and national samples. Study 1 established evidence of discriminant validity. In Study 2, including 534 Australian adolescents, the factor structure was verified through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Studies 1 and 2 provided evidence of construct validity. Study 3, employing 118 Icelandic adolescents, established 16-week test-retest reliability and evidence of convergent validity. Therefore, the MACS is a short, reliable and valid scale to measure adolescent coping, thus enabling clinicians, researchers and educators to improve their practice when conducting research and guiding adolescents in developing effective coping methods.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Psychology, 5(2), p. 142-147
Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 2152-7199
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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