Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/14035
Title: Isolation and purification of 'Trichostrongylus vitrinus' from mixed naturally-acquired Trichostrongylid infections in sheep
Contributor(s): Blackburn, Paul Jonathan  (author); Carmichael, Ian (author); Greenslade, Sarah (author); Walkden-Brown, Steve W  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2013
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/14035
Abstract: Extensive enquiries in 2011 confirmed that a pure strain of the sheep small intestinal parasite 'Trichostrongylus vitrinus' ('T. vitrinus') was no longer held in Australian laboratories. To provide for planned research, a pure strain of 'T. vitrinus' was isolated in the laboratory from mixed infections of sheep at Branxholme (South-west Victoria) and Kalangadoo (South-east South Australia). Parasite species confirmed on the properties included 'Teladorsagia circumcincta' ('Tel. circumcincta'), 'T. vitrinus', 'T. colubriformis', 'T. axei' and 'T. rugatus' (one property). Faecal samples were collected per rectum at each site in spring 2011. Faeces from each site were mixed in culture pots, covered and incubated at 4°C for 54-68 days, to prevent development of 'T. colubriformis' and 'T. rugatus' (Beveridge et a/.,1989). Harvested third stage larvae (L₃) comprised 'Trichostrongylus' spp. (undifferentiated), small numbers of 'T. axei', and 'Tel. circumcincta'. L₃ from each site were then passaged through housed worm-free Merino lambs to separate 'Tel. circumcincta' and 'T. axei' (abomasum parasites) from 'T. vitrinus'. Following patency lambs were euthanased and the contents of the proximal 5 metres of small intestine were washed and collected on a sieve (413pm), and examined microscopically. At least 100 male worms were examined for spicule morphology to confirm purity of 'T. vitrinus' infection, and all adult females recovered. Females from each site were mashed with a glass pestle in a small tube containing water to release eggs. The suspension containing eggs was mixed through "worm free" faeces, incubated at 25°C for 10 days and L₃ recovered. Recovered larvae were combined and amplified with further passage through housed "worm free" Merino lambs. An additional lamb was used to verify strain purity; no worms were recovered from the abomasum and all male worms from the small intestine were 'T. vitrinus'. This strain has been cryopreserved and is available for future research.
Publication Type: Conference Publication
Conference Name: WAAVP 2013: 24th International Conference of the World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology, Perth, Australia, 25th - 29th August, 2013
Conference Details: WAAVP 2013: 24th International Conference of the World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology, Perth, Australia, 25th - 29th August, 2013
Source of Publication: Proceedings of the 24th International Conference of the World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology (WAAVP), p. 587-587
Publisher: Australian Society for Parasitology
Place of Publication: Perth, Australia
Field of Research (FOR): 070708 Veterinary Parasitology
HERDC Category Description: E3 Extract of Scholarly Conference Publication
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School of Environmental and Rural Science

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