Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/13777
Title: The broaden and build process: Positive affect, ratio of positive to negative affect and general self-efficacy
Contributor(s): Schutte, Nicola  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2014
DOI: 10.1080/17439760.2013.841280
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/13777
Abstract: Previous research indicates that increases in positive affect enhance personal resources and bring about improvements in various realms of life. The present study examined the role of general self-efficacy as a mediator between increases in positive affect and change in work and relationship satisfaction and mental health. Participants randomly assigned to a three-week intervention intended to increase positive affect showed significantly greater change in positive affect, ratio of positive to negative affect, self-efficacy, work satisfaction and mental health than participants in a control condition. Changes in affect were associated with changes in self-efficacy, work satisfaction, relationship satisfaction and mental health. Changes in self-efficacy were associated with increases in work satisfaction and mental health. The findings incorporate the concept of general self-efficacy into the broaden and build model and provide information regarding the utility of ratio of positive to negative affect indices.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: The Journal of Positive Psychology, 9(1), p. 66-74
Publisher: Routledge
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1743-9760
1743-9779
Field of Research (FOR): 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
170109 Personality, Abilities and Assessment
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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