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Title: Tango Dance Can Reduce Distress and Insomnia in People with Self-Referred Affective Symptoms
Contributor(s): Pinniger, Rosa (author); Thorsteinsson, Einar B  (author)orcid ; Brown, Rhonda  (author); McKinley, Patricia (author)
Publication Date: 2013
DOI: 10.1007/s10465-012-9141-y
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Abstract: Previous studies indicate that mindfulness interventions and physical activities can produce positive effects on mood disorders; such activities may be options for individuals who search for non-traditional therapies, or whenever mainstream psychological treatments are not effective. We explored the effects of tango dance, meditation, and exercise (circuit training) in individuals with self-reported depression. Participants were randomly placed into meditation, exercise, tango dance, or control-wait-list groups. Sixty-four participants completed the 8-week program and were assessed before, after, and at 1-month follow-up. The dependent variables were depression, anxiety, stress, fatigue, and insomnia (symptoms measures), and self-efficacy, satisfaction with life, and mindfulness (positive psychology measures). Treatment scores were compared with the control group scores. The meditation group showed benefits at follow-up for depression, stress, and satisfaction with life. The exercise group showed decreased depression and increased self-efficacy at post-test, but only self-efficacy was persistent at follow-up, whereas stress was just significant at follow-up. The tango group showed decreased depression and insomnia and increased satisfaction with life and mindfulness at post-test. All, except for satisfaction with life, were persistent at follow-up, while stress and anxiety improved only at follow-up. As expected, the control group maintained similar scores across pre-test and post-test, and at follow-up. Tango dance was shown to induce a broader and more persistent range of benefits. Meditation produced lasting benefits only when well-learned and practiced, whereas exercise generated rapid benefits, but, except for self-efficacy, temporary. Such differences may provide valuable information when promoting these activities to best match the individual needs within this population.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: American Journal of Dance Therapy, 35(1), p. 60-77
Publisher: Springer New York LLC
Place of Publication: New York, United States of America
ISSN: 0146-3721
Field of Research (FOR): 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
170114 Sport and Exercise Psychology
Socio-Economic Outcome Codes: 920199 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) not elsewhere classified
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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