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Title: Exploring the Factor Structure of Implicit and Explicit Cognitions Associated With Depression
Contributor(s): Phillips, Wendy J  (author)orcid ; Hine, Donald W  (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2013
DOI: 10.1177/1073191112437595
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Abstract: Dual-process models of cognitive vulnerability to depression propose that implicit (automatic) and explicit (effortful) processes are involved in depression. The current study investigated the underlying structure of four implicit and four explicit cognitive biases associated with depression in an undergraduate sample (N = 355). An exploratory principal-axis factor analysis of implicit and explicit measures of self-esteem, dysfunctional beliefs, and memory for positive and negative stimuli produced a three-factor solution that was inconsistent with the dual process (two factor) account. Subsequent confirmatory factor analyses of biases exhibited by a hold-out sample also failed to support the hypothesized dual-process model and supported a three-factor solution. Overall, the results indicate that the latent structure of measures investigated in this study is not characterized by a clear differentiation between implicit and explicit cognition and that alternative models and measurement strategies should be investigated.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Assessment, 20(4), p. 474-483
Publisher: Sage Publications Inc
Place of Publication: United States of America
ISSN: 1073-1911
Field of Research (FoR) 2008: 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
Field of Research (FoR) 2020: 520304 Health psychology
520303 Counselling psychology
520302 Clinical psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 920410 Mental Health
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200409 Mental health
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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Appears in Collections:Journal Article

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