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Title: Preference of broiler chickens for animal and vegetable protein diets
Contributor(s): Bhuiyan, Momenuzzaman  (author); Hossain, Mohammad Abul (author); Iji, Paul  (author)
Publication Date: 2012
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Abstract: Background: Vegetable protein (VP) diets are cheaper and safer than animal protein (AP) diets. Performance on VP diets may be similar to that on AP diets, however, the former tend to contain anti-nutritive factors and may not be as acceptable to poultry. Objective: To determine the preference of broiler chicks for VP and AP diets when fed simultaneously. Design: In experiment 1, 14d-old Ross-308 male and female chicks were randomly allocated to VP or AP grower (15-21d) and finisher (22-28d) diets. In experiment 2, 7d-old Cobb-500 male chicks were offered two VP diets, with soybean meal (SB) or canola meal (CM) as the major protein source, until 21 days of age. All diets were supplemented with microbial enzymes (Avizyme 1502 and Phyzyme XP; Danisco Animal Nutrition, UK) and each was fed to six replicate groups. Both experiments were conducted as part of larger projects to assess poultry productivity on the diets being tested. In experiment 2, the effect of SB and CM diets when offered in the first week prior to feeding of a diet containing fishmeal was tested. The selection of the diets offered was recorded for each period. Data collected were analysed by one-way ANOVA and mean values were considered significant at P≤0.05. Outcomes: In experiment 1, birds generally preferred the AP diet when given a choice. On the grower diet, birds ate 62 % of AP and 38% of VP, while on the finisher diets, the selection was 82 and 18%, respectively. Preference was significant in the grower (P<0.01) and finisher (P<0.001) periods. On the main study, birds on the VP diets attained final (42d) weights that were similar to those on the AP diets. In experiment 2, birds preferred the CM diet, consuming it at 62.2% in preference to the SB diet between 8 and 14 days (P<0.01). Between 15 and 21 days, the birds selected CM in preference to SB, at the rate of 58:42% (P<0.001). Birds started on the SB diet in the main study were heavier (P>0.05) than those on the SB diet at 21d of age. Conclusion: The results suggest a preference by chicks for AP diets even if the diets are nutritionally similar to VP diets. The chicks also preferred a diet containing CM, even if it did not support better growth. The causes of these preferences, particularly the strong aversion to VP diets, warrant investigation.
Publication Type: Conference Publication
Conference Details: NSA 2012: 36th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Nutrition Society of Australia, Wollongong, Australia, 27th - 30th November, 2012
Source of Publication: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of Australia, v.36, p. 9-9
Publisher: Nutrition Society of Australia
Place of Publication: Australia
ISSN: 0314-1004
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 070204 Animal Nutrition
070203 Animal Management
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 300303 Animal nutrition
300302 Animal management
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 830309 Poultry
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 100411 Poultry
HERDC Category Description: E3 Extract of Scholarly Conference Publication
Appears in Collections:Conference Publication

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