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Title: The availability and mobility of arsenic and antimony in an acid sulfate soil pasture system
Contributor(s): Tighe, Matthew (author); Lockwood, Peter V (author); Ashley, Paul (author); Murison, Robert D (author); Wilson, Susan C (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2013
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.05.032
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Abstract: The Macleay floodplain on the north coast of New South Wales, Australia, has surface soil concentrations of up to 40 mg kg⁻¹ arsenic (As) and antimony (Sb), due to historical mining practices in the upper catchment. The floodplain also contains areas of active and potential acid sulfate soils (ASS). Some of these areas are purposely re-flooded to halt oxidation processes, but the effect of this management on the metalloid mobility and phytoavailability of the metalloids present is unknown. This study investigated the changes to soil solution As and Sb, associations of metalloids with soil solid phases, and uptake into two common pasture species following 20 weeks of flooding in a controlled environment. The effect of an ASS subsoil was also investigated. The soil solution concentration and availability of the metalloids was in some instances higher in the floodplain soils than would generally be expected in soils with comparable contamination. There appeared to be few changes to soil solution concentrations or phase associations with flooding in this short term study, due to the high acid buffering and poise of the investigated soils. A strong relationship was found between the relative uptake of Sb into pastures and the oxalate extractable Fe in the soil, which was taken as a proxy for non-crystalline iron (Fe) hydroxides. This relationship was dependent on flooding and was absent for As. Further targeted investigations into metalloid speciation kinetics and the stability of soil solid phases with flooding management are recommended.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Science of the Total Environment, v.463-464, p. 151-160
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Place of Publication: The Netherlands
ISSN: 1879-1026
Field of Research (FOR): 050206 Environmental Monitoring
050304 Soil Chemistry (excl Carbon Sequestration Science)
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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