Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/12489
Title: Exploring low cost materials: Low-cost practical science examinations for developing countries
Contributor(s): Sigauke, Aaron  (author); Mabejane, Maseqao (author); Shao, Jane (author); Varghese, Thomas (author)
Publication Date: 1993
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/12489
Abstract: It is generally recognised that practical activities are an essential part of meaningful science learning. Scientific concepts and processes, cognitive skills such as problem-solving analysis and application, psychomotor skills such as observation, measurement and dexterity, may all be developed through practical experiences. Furthermore, positive attitudes to science and technology as subjects and to science orientated careers are often promoted through such practical activities in schools. Regrettably, large class sizes, limited resources, and other pressures on teachers, militate against practical laboratory or field work in many schools in the developing countries. In the past, formal practical examinations which were set and marked externally provided an incentive for pupils and teachers to do practical work during their lessons. Unfortunately, overseas practical examination requirements, and even local ones, are difficult to meet, in terms of equipment, materials and secure supervision. The new 'O' level syllabus for Zimbabwe, for instance, illustrates this problem, since it was originally intended to be examined by a practical as well as theory papers. This has never been implemented due to difficulties of financial and manpower resources, and supervision. Many other African countries are also faced with this problem. As a result practical examinations are very rare. ... The purpose of this study was to develop and try out some examples of low-cost practical experiments in biology, chemistry and physics with children from a local school. It was also intended to find out whether or not such low-cost experiments could be used as alternatives to more elaborate traditional 'O' level practical examinations, but still be appropriate tests of the requisite knowledge and skills.
Publication Type: Book Chapter
Source of Publication: The Harare Generator: Innovative Ideas and Techniques for Science Educators in Africa, p. 154-163
Publisher: International Centre for Conservation Education (ICCE) and International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU)
Place of Publication: Harare, Zimbabwe
ISBN: 0930357280
Field of Research (FOR): 130106 Secondary Education
130202 Curriculum and Pedagogy Theory and Development
130303 Education Assessment and Evaluation
130212 Science, Technology and Engineering Curriculum and Pedagogy
HERDC Category Description: B1 Chapter in a Scholarly Book
Statistics to Oct 2018: Visitors: 328
Views: 344
Downloads: 0
Appears in Collections:Book Chapter
School of Education

Files in This Item:
3 files
File Description SizeFormat 
Show full item record

Page view(s)

72
checked on Mar 2, 2019
Google Media

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in Research UNE are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.