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Title: Biochar in Soil for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation
Contributor(s): Waters, David (author); Van Zwieten, Lukas  (author); Singh, Bhupinder Pal  (author); Downie, Adriana (author); Cowie, Annette  (author); Lehmann, Johannes (author)
Publication Date: 2011
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-20256-8_15
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Abstract: Biochar technologies have the potential to significantly contribute to climate change mitigation and enhance global food security. Biochar application may improve the physical, chemical and biological properties of soils, reduce fertiliser requirements and stimulate plant growth, though the results vary between biochars, soil types and plant species. The effectiveness of biochar for the improvement of soil properties is influenced by the biomass feedstock and the pyrolysis conditions. Climate change mitigation impacts arise largely from the stabilisation of soil organic matter, the reduction in fertiliser requirements and gaseous emissions in soils, and the production of renewable energy which can displace fossil fuel consumption. However, mechanisms for the observed agronomic and environmental benefits from biochar application are not well understood. Furthermore, to achieve its projected billion-tonne scale (on annual basis) avoided emissions potential, highly efficient and clean processing technologies, using sustainably supplied biomass, need to be implemented globally.
Publication Type: Book Chapter
Source of Publication: Soil Health and Climate Change, p. 345-368
Publisher: Springer
Place of Publication: London, United Kingdom
ISBN: 9783642202551
Field of Research (FOR): 050301 Carbon Sequestration Science
HERDC Category Description: B1 Chapter in a Scholarly Book
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Series Name: Soil Biology
Series Number : 29
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