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Title: Analysing quantitative parent-of-origin effects with examples from ultrasonic measures of body composition in Australian beef cattle
Contributor(s): Tier, Bruce  (author); Meyer, Karin  (author)
Publication Date: 2012
DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0388.2012.00996.x
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Abstract: Parent-of-origin effects arise when an individual's genes are modified during gametogenesis. Commonly known as imprinting, affected genes may be completely, or partially, suppressed. Individual loci in mice, human and sheep are known to be imprinted, and the quantitative effects of imprinted loci have been found for many carcass traits in cattle and pigs. Differentiating between five types of loci - direct additive loci and partially and completely imprinted loci by sires and dams - is not possible as their effects are confounded such that only three of seven parameters can be estimated. An analysis of Australian Hereford and Angus heifers and bulls for four ultrasonic measures of body composition - eye muscle area, rib fat, rump fat and intramuscular fat per cent - found parent-of-origin effects for both parents in most trait-gender data sets and that they were an average of 28% of the total genetic variance. No parent-of-origin effects were found for Hereford bull intramuscular fat per cent and the maternal parent-of-origin effects were not significant for Angus Heifer eye muscle area.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 129(5), p. 359-368
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Verlag GmbH
Place of Publication: Germany
ISSN: 1439-0388
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 060412 Quantitative Genetics (incl Disease and Trait Mapping Genetics)
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 310506 Gene mapping
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 830301 Beef Cattle
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 100401 Beef cattle
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Animal Genetics and Breeding Unit (AGBU)
Journal Article

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