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Title: Do Personality Factors Predict Retention within Therapeutic Communities for Residents Presenting with Amphetamine-Type Stimulant (ATS) Use Disorders?
Contributor(s): Keen, Jenna (author); Magor-Blatch, Lynne (author); Bhullar, Navjot (author)orcid 
Publication Date: 2011
DOI: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00355.x
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Abstract: Introduction and Aims: Using the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory - III (MCMI-III), this study aimed to determine what personality factors, if any, would predict retention within therapeutic community (TC) treatment for residents presenting with Amphetamine-type stimulant (ATS) use disorders. The MCMI-III identifies the deeper and pervasive personality characteristics underlying a person's overt symptoms; and assists the practitioner to gain an integrated understanding of the relationship between personality characteristics and clinical syndromes in order to facilitate treatment decisions. Design and Methods: Participants were 247 residents from 10 TCs in Australia. The MCMI-III was administered at the commencement of the study and follow-up discharge information was obtained from TCs at 12 months post-baseline to determine which residents had completed the treatment program and the reason for discharge - including program completion and premature discharge from treatment. Results: In line with other studies, it was hypothesised that the presence of personality disorders (PD) would have an adverse effect on the treatment of Axis 1 Disorders, including Substance Use Disorders, and that those residents who had higher scores at the commencement of treatment would show higher drop-out rates. Results from this study showed high drop-out rates amongst residents in both conditions. Discussion and Conclusion: The presence of personality disorders in substance using populations is well-known, and has implications for treatment in both residential and outpatient settings. The additional introduction of a specialised ATS intervention is discussed in light of the results of this study, with suggestions of treatment approaches for clients presenting with high PD scores.
Publication Type: Conference Publication
Conference Name: 31st Annual Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs (APSAD) Scientific Conference, Hobart, Australia, 13th - 16th November, 2011
Source of Publication: Drug and Alcohol Review Special Issue: Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs Conference 2011 (Abstracts), p. 50-50
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 0959-5236
Field of Research (FOR): 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
170113 Social and Community Psychology
170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
HERDC Category Description: E3 Extract of Scholarly Conference Publication
Series Name: Drug and Alcohol Review
Series Number : 30, Supplement s1
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Appears in Collections:Conference Publication
School of Psychology and Behavioural Science

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