Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/11917
Title: Argentine tango dance compared to mindfulness meditation and a waiting-list control: A randomised trial for treating depression
Contributor(s): Pinniger, Rosa (author); Brown, Rhonda  (author); Thorsteinsson, Einar B  (author)orcid ; McKinley, Patricia (author)
Publication Date: 2012
DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2012.07.003
Handle Link: https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/11917
Fields of Research (FoR) 2008: 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Fields of Research (FoR) 2020: 520302 Clinical psychology
520303 Counselling psychology
520304 Health psychology
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2008: 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO) 2020: 200201 Determinants of health
Abstract: Objectives: To determine whether tango dancing is as effective as mindfulness meditation in reducing symptoms of psychological stress, anxiety and depression, and in promoting well-being. Design: This study employed analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and multiple regression analysis. Participants: Ninety-seven people with self-declared depression were randomised into tango dance or mindfulness meditation classes, or to control/waiting-list. Setting: classes were conducted in a venue suitable for both activities in the metropolitan area of Sydney, Australia. Interventions: Participants completed six-week programmes (1 1/2 h/week of tango or meditation). The outcome measures were assessed at pre-test and post-test. Main outcome measures: Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale; The Self Esteem Scale; Satisfaction with Life Scale, and Mindful Attention Awareness Scale. Results: Sixty-six participants completed the program and were included in the statistical analysis. Depression levels were significantly reduced in the tango (effect size d = 0.50, p = .010), and meditation groups (effect size d = 0.54, p = .025), relative to waiting-list controls. Stress levels were significantly reduced only in the tango group (effect size d = 0.45, p = .022). Attending tango classes was a significant predictor for the increased levels of mindfulness R² = .10, adjusted R² = .07, F (2,59) = 3.42, p = .039. Conclusion: Mindfulness-meditation and tango dance could be effective complementary adjuncts for the treatment of depression and/or inclusion in stress management programmes. Subsequent trials are called to explore the therapeutic mechanisms involved.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 20(6), p. 377-384
Publisher: Churchill Livingstone
Place of Publication: United Kingdom
ISSN: 1873-6963
0965-2299
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
Appears in Collections:Journal Article
School of Psychology

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