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|Title:||Argentine tango dance compared to mindfulness meditation and a waiting-list control: A randomised trial for treating depression||Contributor(s):||Pinniger, Rosa (author); Brown, Rhonda (author); Thorsteinsson, Einar B (author) ; McKinley, Patricia (author)||Publication Date:||2012||DOI:||10.1016/j.ctim.2012.07.003||Handle Link:||https://hdl.handle.net/1959.11/11917||Abstract:||Objectives: To determine whether tango dancing is as effective as mindfulness meditation in reducing symptoms of psychological stress, anxiety and depression, and in promoting well-being. Design: This study employed analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and multiple regression analysis. Participants: Ninety-seven people with self-declared depression were randomised into tango dance or mindfulness meditation classes, or to control/waiting-list. Setting: classes were conducted in a venue suitable for both activities in the metropolitan area of Sydney, Australia. Interventions: Participants completed six-week programmes (1 1/2 h/week of tango or meditation). The outcome measures were assessed at pre-test and post-test. Main outcome measures: Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale; The Self Esteem Scale; Satisfaction with Life Scale, and Mindful Attention Awareness Scale. Results: Sixty-six participants completed the program and were included in the statistical analysis. Depression levels were significantly reduced in the tango (effect size d = 0.50, p = .010), and meditation groups (effect size d = 0.54, p = .025), relative to waiting-list controls. Stress levels were significantly reduced only in the tango group (effect size d = 0.45, p = .022). Attending tango classes was a significant predictor for the increased levels of mindfulness R² = .10, adjusted R² = .07, F (2,59) = 3.42, p = .039. Conclusion: Mindfulness-meditation and tango dance could be effective complementary adjuncts for the treatment of depression and/or inclusion in stress management programmes. Subsequent trials are called to explore the therapeutic mechanisms involved.||Publication Type:||Journal Article||Source of Publication:||Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 20(6), p. 377-384||Publisher:||Churchill Livingstone||Place of Publication:||United Kingdom||ISSN:||1873-6963
|Field of Research (FOR):||170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology||Socio-Economic Outcome Codes:||929999 Health not elsewhere classified||Peer Reviewed:||Yes||HERDC Category Description:||C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal||Statistics to Oct 2018:||Visitors: 293
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Article|
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