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Title: Using soil surface temperature to assess soil evaporation in a drip irrigated vineyard
Contributor(s): Kerridge, Belinda L (author); Hornbuckle, John  (author); Christen, Evan W (author); Faulkner, Richard D  (author)
Publication Date: 2013
DOI: 10.1016/j.agwat.2012.07.001
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Abstract: Evaporation from the soil is an important part of the water balance of a crop, when considering water use efficiency. In this paper, a non-intensive method is tested to estimate relative soil evaporation, which is based upon a linear function of soil surface temperature change between a saturated and drying soil. The relative evaporation (RE) method of Ben-Asher et al. (1983) was calibrated using microlysimeters and thermal imaging. Soil surface temperature in a drip irrigated vineyard was then collected using infrared temperature sensors mounted on a quad bike, on several days of the 2009-2010 season. Soil surface temperature in the vineyard ranged from 4.6 °C to 65.5 °C undervine and 6.8 °C to 75.6 °C in the middle of the row. The difference between daily minima and maxima of soil surface temperature ranged from 20.2 °C to 59.7 °C in the inter-row and 13.6 °C to 36.4 °C undervine. Relative evaporation averaged 54% of evaporation from a saturated soil in the inter-row and 97% undervine. Based upon the calculation of RE, the average daily amount of soil evaporation undervine was between 0.64 mm and 1.83 mm, and between 0.69 mm and 2.52 mm inter-row. The soil evaporation undervine and inter-row both exhibited spatial variability across the vineyard, however the undervine area had less spatial variability compared to the inter-row area.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Source of Publication: Agricultural Water Management, v.116, p. 128-141
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Place of Publication: The Netherlands
ISSN: 1873-2283
Field of Research (FOR): 070108 Sustainable Agricultural Development
Socio-Economic Objective (SEO): 960905 Farmland, Arable Cropland and Permanent Cropland Water Management
Peer Reviewed: Yes
HERDC Category Description: C1 Refereed Article in a Scholarly Journal
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